Canada’s housing market mounted an impressive comeback after the springtime freeze, but a prolonged period of high unemployment and lower incomes will eventually sap the market’s current vigour.
That’s the message from Moody’s Analytics Economist Abhilasha Singh, who authored the economic research firm’s quarterly assessment of the Canadian real estate market.
Housing Market News Alerts
Sign up now for news alerts on the Canadian housing market
In the report, published this week, Singh wrote that a combination of government stimulus, mortgage deferrals, low interest rates and strong demographics have kept the housing market afloat during the pandemic thus far.
But despite the promising “burst” of job gains happening in the third quarter, Canada’s employment picture will remain dire at the end of the year, with joblessness exceeding nine percent.
Singh expects the economic recovery’s momentum to fade by early 2021, marking the point when the full weight of the pandemic will be finally felt by the Canadian housing market.
“The housing market will no longer be able to escape the poor condition of the labor market as vacancy and delinquency rates rise in 2021,” she wrote.
“High unemployment and lower income will restrain buyers’ return to the market. So will affordability issues in Vancouver and Toronto. Further, slower in-migration flows to Canada due to COVID-19 disruptions will weigh on housing demand. Not even lower interest rates will be enough to save the housing market,” she added.
Singh wrote that Moody’s Analytics’ baseline scenario would see Canadian home prices experience a seven percent peak-to-trough decline. The effects would not be evenly distributed across the country. Major markets in oil-producing regions, like Calgary and Edmonton, are considered to be most vulnerable. Condo and rental segments in the expensive Toronto and Vancouver markets will be more adversely affected than the lower density areas located outside their urban cores.
While this is a hefty dose of gloom following the market’s remarkable summer recovery, Singh said that, fortunately, the price declines will be brief.
“[T]he restoration of robust job growth in 2022 along with Canada’s strong demographics will put a floor under the housing market which mitigates the degree of the declines,” she wrote.
With the worst price effects confined to 2021, Singh said that prices will “meaningfully” recover beginning in early 2022.