If someone hasn’t been following Canada’s real estate market over the past year, the latest data from the Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA) may give the impression that not much has happened.
After all, the average price of a home in Canada this July was $481,500, up just 1 per cent from 12 months ago, according to the monthly CREA numbers released today.
National sales activity was also almost unchanged from last year, with July transactions down 1.3 per cent year-over-year. Same goes for the number of new listings, which inched 2.6 per cent lower.
But BMO Chief Economist Douglas Porter suggests these seemingly innocuous numbers don’t paint a complete picture.
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“That’s an extraordinary mix of calm figures, considering the wild swings the market has witnessed in recent years. It also masks some serious regional shifts grinding away beneath the placid surface,” writes Porter in response to the data.
Specifically, Greater Toronto is stabilizing after last spring’s volatility. Sales increased a seasonally adjusted 7.7 per cent from June and an unadjusted 17.6 per cent annually. Meantime, the average selling price increased 4.8 per cent year-over-year to $782,129.
“Market balance is now very close to normal, albeit with the ongoing split between condos (solid) and single-family homes (soft),” Porter continues.
CREA President Barb Sukkau suggests the more stringent mortgage underwriting guidelines introduced at the beginning of the year are not taking as much of a toll on the Toronto market as they were previously.
“This year’s new stress-test on mortgage applicants continues to weigh on home sales but its effect may be starting to fade slightly in Toronto and nearby markets,” Sukkau says in a statement.
BMO’s chief economist notes another story lost behind the Canadawide stats: the pullback in the Prairies.
In July, the average price of an Edmonton home was $376,429, a year-over-year decline of 3.5 per cent. Calgary’s average of $462,769 was roughly flat from July 2017, but prices declined 1.5 per cent from June.
Sales activity was down from July 2017 by 5.8 per cent in Calgary and 1 per cent in Edmonton, although there is reason to expect Alberta, Porter suggests.
“Firm oil prices should support confidence in the Alberta markets, but the fact is that both sales and prices are consistently down this year for both of the big cities there,” he notes.
Yet another regional divergence is playing out on the west coast. “Vancouver and other BC cities continue to post some of the biggest sales declines in the country, with the province hit by a number of measures to cool the local market,” Porter explains.
On average, homes sold for $1,024,282 in Greater Vancouver, about the same as last year, while sales have plummeted 30 per cent since last July. However, CREA’s MLS Home Price Index shows prices on Vancouver Island were up 13.7 per cent year-over-year.
Ottawa and Montreal remain “beacons of strength,” says Porter, and local observers are predicting more growth in these markets.
For Ottawa, the average home price of $405,279 represents an increase of 3.6 per cent over last year. Montreal’s average price wasn’t far behind climbing 5.4 per cent year-over-year to $392,660 last month.
Ottawa activity in July was 6.1 per cent above last year’s level, as Montreal sales rose 6.7 per cent.
“From an overall macro standpoint, the main takeaway is that the housing market has ceased to be a major source of concern for policymakers (neither too hot, nor too cold) — at least for now,” Porter says.