Photo: Dennis Jarvis/Flickr
Where in Canada are women better off? The Centre for Policy Alternatives recently released a report exploring how women are faring in the country’s largest 20 metros. It’s a look at the gender gap, or the the difference between how men and women experience economic security, leadership, health, personal security and education, the five measures that make up the backbone of the ranking.
That’s why Edmonton had such a poor economic score. Although the city is home to the highest median employment income in the country, it also has the biggest difference in the pay cheques of men and women. For the overall ranking, which averages all five measures, the capital of Alberta also ended up scoring dead last on the list.
Quebec City scored number one overall and the other two Quebec cities included in the study, Sherbrooke and Montreal, made it into the top ten. On the other side of the country, Alberta faired worse with Edmonton’s spot at the very bottom on the list and Calgary coming in at 17.
But before you pack your bags for Quebec City, the study points out that women in the city still face low rates of promotion into leadership roles and political representation.
Women are closing the education gap. The report notes women are slightly more likely than men to have completed high school, college and university. The exception to the rule is in trades and apprenticeships, where men are twice as likely to have completed this type of training.
Men and women are are equally likely to assess their own health as good or excellent. However, women are disproportionately subject to partner violence, sexual assault and criminal harassment. Regina, which scored 11, had the highest per-capita rate of police reported intimate partner violence against women, while Winnipeg had the highest rate or police reported sexual assaults. Quebec City had the lowest rates, though the report writers point out that only a fraction of gender-based violence gets reported in Canada.
Ottawa-Gatineau and Quebec City have the smallest gap in pay between men and women, largely due to the high numbers of public service workers.
For more details, check out our interactive map or see the overall ranking below:
1 to 10
11 to 20
1. Québec, Quebec
2. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
3. St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador
4. Montréal, Quebec
5. Victoria, British Columbia
6. Toronto, Ontario
7. Ottawa-Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec
8. Sherbrooke, Quebec
9. Halifax, Nova Scotia
10. Hamilton, Ontario
11. Regina, Saskatchewan
12. Winnipeg, Manitoba
13. Vancouver, British Columbia
14. St. Catharines-Niagara, Ontario
15. London, Ontario
16. Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ontario
17. Calgary, Alberta
18. Windsor, Ontario
19. Oshawa, Ontario
20. Edmonton, Alberta